Pictured: R, age 16, at Oregon Juvenile Hall, is a "Craigslist prostitute." She says, "I am a victim, according to my lawyers. I shouldn’t be here. They are not charging me with anything, but they have set bail at $250,000. My parents divorced at four. My father sexually abused me from ages 5-9. My step-mother physically abused me. I started skipping school. At 12, I got on a bus to run away and was kidnapped by two pimps, who abused me. I was with the pimps for two weeks. When I tried to get away, one of them shot me in the butt with a 38. The bullet came out my leg. I was paralyzed for two weeks and had to do rehab to re-learn how to walk. The DA wants me to testify against two people: the pimp and his main prostitute. The prostitute said if I ran away, she would carve her name, “Chance,” in my forehead with a razor."

Oregon voters passed Measure 11 in November 1994. The measure created new mandatory minimum sentences for 16 crimes and required that youth charged with those crimes be tried as adults. The legislature subsequently added more crimes to Measure 11. Today, Measure 11 requires youth ages 15 years or older charged with one of 21 crimes to be prosecuted automatically in the adult criminal justice system and if convicted of that crime, to serve the same mandatory sentence that applies to adults.

Fifteen years after Measure 11 was enacted, the Campaign for Youth Justice and Partner- ship for Safety and Justice embarked on a study to determine the impact that Measure 11 was having on youth in Oregon. The authors analyzed data on 3,274 young people indicted with Measure 11 offenses since 1995. The authors also looked at a subset of 759 cases handled between 2006 and 2008 to understand the current way Measure 11 is being implemented in the 36 Oregon counties.

The following article is the result of that study:

Misguided Measures: The outcomes and impacts of Measure 11 on Oregon’s Youth