Table of Contents

A companion on-line guide will be available that summarizes research in each area, provides related citations, and includes links to related references, websites, etc.
Essays (and suggested authors)

Essay 1: Juvenile Justice in America
Overview of volume, brief history of juvenile justice in America, major turning points, current policies and practices.

Essay 2: Bad to the Bones: The Making of Dangerous Youth
Life story of 1-2 youth, illustrating genetic influences, brain development, psychopathy, and discussing the percentage of youth who are in this group (as well as genes x environment interactions).

Essay 3: Families that Fail—and What We Can Do
Life story of 1-2 youth and their families, illustrating how families fail. Include section on foster care, challenges, how it can help, and programs to strengthen families.

Essay 4: Gangs, Guns, and Glory, by Dr. Kirk Williams, Professor of Sociology and Co-Director, Presley Center for Crime and Justice Studies, University of California Riverside
Life story of 1-2 youth gang members, the communities they grew up in, why they joined gangs, availability and use of guns, what communities can do to reclaim youth.

Essay 5: Young, Black, and Busted
Life story of 1-2 minority youth, highlighting ethnicity, race, and juvenile justice. Disparities in life stories, community resources, disproportionate minority confinement.

Essay 6: Children No More: How Juveniles Became Adults
Life story of 1-2 young offenders (ages 10-12), their background, developmental issues, including a review of recent literature on brain development, reasoning, and judgment during adolescence and emergent adulthood (including implications for adult status)

Essay 7: Girl Stories
Life story of 1-2 girls, factors involved in girl offending and how they are similar/different than boys. Implications for justice system treatment of girls.

Essay 8: Lock Up: The Imprisonment of Youth, by Bart Lubow, Annie E. Casey Foundation
Life story of 1-2 youth locked up from an early age, review of incarceration of juveniles in the U.S., comparison to other countries, suggestions for prevention.

Essay 9: From Punishment to Prevention: The Transformation of Public Policy
Essay 10: Suitable Placement—Moving Towards Reform and Rehabilitation, by Dr. Nancy Guerra, Professor of Psychology, University of California Riverside
Life story of 1-2 youth who benefitted from specific treatment programs. Highlights model treatment programs and facilities (Lookout Mountain in Colorado), advances in foster care (treatment foster care), community-based placements, future directions.

Essay 11: Mandatory Sentencing and Measure 11 Oregon. Throwing away kids for life Deb Smith Arthur, PSU, Oregon

Essay 12: Howard Savin

Essay 13: Kids Pix: Images and the power to communicate the data.
Richard Ross

Essay 14: Eighty Square Feet/5.25 Years: Space X Time = Lives-Jeff Goodale HOK architects–The architecture of incarceration  HYPERLINK “mailto:jeff.goodale@hok.com” jeff.goodale@hok.com

Essay 15: Detained and Restrained Mark Soler, Dana Shoenberg, Center for Children’s Law and Policy, Washington DC

Essay 16: Suicide-Avoiding the ultimate disaster.
Lindsay M. Hayes, Project Director

National Center on Institutions and Alternatives
40 Lantern Lane Mansfield, MA 02048
(508)337-8806
http://www.ncianet.org/suicideprevention”www.ncianet.org/suicideprevention